Separation and identification of mouse brain tissue microproteins using top-down method with high resolution nanocapillary liquid chromatography mass spectrometry.

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Help With Report Writing Abstract Microproteins and endogenous peptides in the brain contain important substances that have critical roles in diverse biological processes, contributing to signal transduction and inter-cellular signaling. However, variability in their physical or chemical characteristics, such as molecule size, hydrophobicity and charge states, complicate the simultaneous analysis of these compounds, although this would be highly beneficial for the field of neuroscience research. Here, we present a top-down analytical method for simultaneous analysis of microproteins and endogenous peptides using high-resolution nanocapillary liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. This method is detergent-free and digestion-free, which allows for extracting and preserving intact microproteins and peptides for direct LC-MS analysis. Both higher energy collision dissociation and electron-transfer dissociation fragmentations were used in the LC-MS analysis to increase the identification rate, and bioinformatics tools ProteinGoggle and PEAKS Studio software were utilized for database search. In total, we identified 471 microproteins containing 736 proteoforms, including brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and a number of fibroblast growth factors (FGF). In addition, we identified 599 peptides containing 151 known or potential neuropeptides such as somatostatin-28 and neuropeptide Y. Our approach bridges the gap for the characterization of brain microproteins and peptides, which permits quantification of a diversity of signaling molecules for biomarker discovery or therapy diagnosis in the future. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Dissertation On Academic Subject PMID: 28513109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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